Last updated on April 19th, 2024

There are various kinds of estrogens in the natural world. The female hormone estrogen is required for numerous bodily functions. In females, the daily production of estradiol by the ovaries can range from 70 to 500 micrograms. Estrone and, to a lesser extent, estriol are produced from this. Estrone is the most active circulating estrogen after menopause. Women’s sex organs expand because of estrogens, which also affect sex traits, including pubic and underarm hair, skeleton, and body shapes. Moreover, estrogens promote the formation of the endometrium, the uterine lining, and cervical secretions.

The blood levels of LDL cholesterol (the “bad” cholesterol) are lowered, and estrogens increase HDL cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol). One kind of estrogen is estradiol. Estradiol is advised for the treatment of menopausal symptoms (hot flashes, dry vagina, etc.), heart attack and stroke prevention, osteoporosis-related bone fracture prevention, and dysfunctional (excessive and painful) uterine hemorrhage. It is even possible to prescribe estradiol to treat cancer in both men and women. In women who are unable to manufacture adequate estrogen, it functions by substituting natural estrogens. It acts by opposing male hormones in cases of advanced prostate cancer. Your doctor may prescribe Estrace for any other uses not mentioned above.

What Information Is Necessary Before Taking Estrace?

Estrace shouldn’t be taken if you have:

  • issues with circulation and a history of stroke;
  • any kind of cancer that is hormone-dependent, uterine, or breast;
  • unusual vaginal bleeding for which your doctor has not examined hemorrhage or blood-clotting disorders;
  • notify a physician if you have liver or renal illness;
  • migraines, depression, asthma, high blood pressure, angina, triglycerides, cholesterol, seizures, epilepsy, and gallbladder disease;
  • diabetes;
  • if you’ve had a hysterectomy or removal of your uterus.

When using Estrace, make sure to visit your doctor regularly and check your breasts for lumps once a month. The use of estrace raises the possibility of endometrial hyperplasia. Uterine carcinoma may result from this illness. Progesterone use in conjunction with Estrace may reduce this risk. Your risk of stroke may rise if you receive long-term Estrace treatment. See your doctor before taking Estrace consistently. Your medical assistant should assess your progress every three to six months to see if you should continue receiving this treatment. FDA pregnancy category X. Pregnancy should not involve estrogens because of the higher risk of fetal defects. If you are nursing a baby, avoid taking estrogens.

How Is Estrace Supposed to Be Used?

Indication Dosage Administration
Moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms, vulval and vaginal atrophy associated with menopause 1 to 2 mg daily, adjusted to control symptoms Cyclic administration: 3 weeks on, 1 week off
Female hypoestrogenism due to hypogonadism, castration, or primary ovarian failure 1 to 2 mg daily, adjusted to control symptoms Titrate for maintenance therapy
Breast cancer (palliation only, metastatic disease) 10 mg three times daily for at least three months
Advanced androgen-dependent carcinoma of the prostate (palliation only) 1 to 2 mg three times daily Judge effectiveness by phosphatase levels, symptomatic improvement
Prevention of osteoporosis Consider for women at significant risk, lowest effective dose not determined

Take Estrace exactly as prescribed by your physician. Don’t ever adjust the dosage. You should take this medication with a full glass of water. To lessen stomach problems, you can take Estrace with food or after a meal.

Take the dosage as soon as possible if you forget to take it. Never take two doses at once if your next dose is almost due. Take one dosage at a time.

Any medication used in excess might have adverse effects on your health. Get in touch with your doctor if you suspect an overdose. When taken in excess, this medication may result in nausea, vomiting, and vaginal bleeding.

Which Adverse Effects of this Medication Should I Know About?

Estrace has the same potential adverse effects as any medication. However, the majority of users don’t have any adverse effects. In most cases, side effects are readily handled or don’t even need to be addressed.

Typical, less dangerous side effects:

  1. Hair loss.
  2. Abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting and retention of fluid.
  3. Elevated blood pressure.
  4. Headaches.
  5. Nausea and vomiting.
  6. Breast sensitivity.
  7. Yeast infections in the vagina.
  8. Stomach pains or bloating in the abdomen.
  9. Elevated glucose levels (hyperglycemia).
  10. Growth of uterine fibroids, benign tumors of the uterus.

The following is a list of uncommon but more dangerous adverse effects:

  1. Heart attacks.
  2. Strokes related to dementia.
  3. Hypersensitivity responses.
  4. Gallbladder illness.
  5. Clots of blood.
  6. Cancer of the breast, uterus, or ovaries.

Which Other Drugs Interact With Estrace?

Estrace can interact with other medications. The following medications have the potential to interact with Estrace: 

  • Barbiturates, such as phenobarbital (Luminal®), amobarbital (Amytal®), secobarbital (Seconal®), butalbital (Fioricet®, Fiorinal®), and pentobarbital (Nembutal®).
  • Some antibiotics or antifungal medications, like Itraconazole (Sporanox®), Miconazole, Rythromycin (Ery-Tab®), Elithromycin (Ketek®), Clarithromycin (Biaxin®), ketoconazole (Nizoral®), and isoniazid (Nydrazid®).
  • Some anti-seizure drugs, like carbamazepine (Carbatrol®, Epitol®, EquetroTM, Tegretol®), phenytoin (Dilantin®, Phenytek®), and oxcarbazepine (Trileptal®) Cyclosporine (Sandimmune®, Neoral®, and Gengraf®).
  • Grapefruit juice.
  • Liothyronine (Cytomel®), Levothyroxine (Levoxyl®, Synthroid®, Unithroid®), Liotrix (Thyrolar®), Thyroid (Armor® Thyroid, Nature-Throid®), Fosamprenavir (Lexiva®), Ritonavir (Norvir®), Indinavir (Crixivan®), Nelfinavir (Viracept®), Atazanavir (Reyataz®), and Amprenavir (Agenerase®) are examples of hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) medications. 
  • St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) and rifamycin antibiotics, such as rifapentine (Priftin®), rifampin (Rifadin®), and rifabutin (Mycobutin®)

It’s possible that this list of interactions is incomplete. Give your doctor a complete list of all the medications, herbal remedies, nutritional supplements, and over-the-counter medications you take. Additionally, let them know whether you smoke, take illegal substances, or drink alcohol. Certain things might interfere with your medication.

Store the cure at room temperature, in a covered container, between 15° (59°F) and 30°C (86°F). Keep it out of the reach of children and animals, as well as heat, moisture, and direct light. Avoid freezing.

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments