Micardis Hct is a combination of drug prescribed to cure high blood pressure. It works by preventing the hormone angiotensin II from constricting the blood vessels, thus widening the vessels. It is also a a diuretic remedy.
The concept of “hypertension” generally includes high blood pressure, headaches and dizziness.
If you or your relatives have a recurring headache and dizziness for no apparent reason – there is a strong possibility that they have hypertension.
Our heart beats approximately 110,000 times a day. It provides the blood flow through vessels in the most remote cell of the human body. Blood pressure depends on the state of heart and blood vessels. The more often heart beats, the narrower the vessels, the higher the pressure. The vessels become narrower due to the fact that their walls are blocked by atherosclerotic plaque or spasm.
Hypertensive crisis is an attack which may be accompanied by:
- Rise of blood pressure
- Change of frequency and strength of heart contractions
- Profuse sweat and headache
The nature of hypertension may be very diverse. The most frequent hypertensive episodes, that last from days to weeks, and disappear after taking the drugs, lower blood pressure. Duration of attack is also an important factor in assessing its severity.
But we must remember that the high blood pressure is always a signal for serious failures in the heart and blood vessels. Hypertension should never be left without any attention. If this disease if left untreated, or no treated properly, it is always progressing, thus leading eventually to permanent disability or even premature death from stroke or myocardial infarction.
Complications of hypertension are a major cause of death or disability among the population worldwide.
The term “hypertension” is used to refer to a stable high blood pressure. High blood pressure occurs when there is narrowing of the arteries and / or smaller offshoots – the arterioles. The arteries are the main traffic channels that carry blood delivered to all tissues of the body. Some people often have narrowed arterioles. Initially a spasm occurs, and later they narrow the lumen which remains constant due to the thickening of the wall. And then, the flow of blood is developing to overcome these restrictions, heart work is increasing and more blood is released into the bloodstream.
Very rarely, amongst approximately one in ten patients, the cause of high blood pressure is to defeat any body. In these cases we speak of a secondary or symptomatic hypertension. However, in most cases, approximately 90% of patients, has primary or essential hypertension. Despite the fact that the reason for high blood pressure amongst these patients has not been established definitively, there is no doubt about the fact that untreated hypertension is a threat to their health. The most frequent complications of hypertension are the destruction of vital organs: brain, heart and kidneys. The higher the blood pressure, the harder the burden on the heart to maintain normal blood circulation. Therefore, if hypertension is left untreated, the wall thickening of the heart, or hypertrophy, occurs, and later the heart wall is thinning, which leads to disruption of blood supply to the tissues and heart, and this is accompanied by shortness of breath, fatigue, and swelling in the legs. These symptoms often indicate the development of heart failure, that is, the inability of the heart muscle to perform its normal function as a pump. High blood pressure speeds up the process, known as “atherosclerosis” and means the deposition of fat components in the walls of arteries and arterioles, which leads to compaction, thickening and a decrease in the vascular lumen. If the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart are affected, then angina pectoris, or angina develops. When the progression of one of the arteries is completely blocked, the part of the heart muscle stops receiving blood, and is developing a myocardial infarction. Atherosclerosis can affect any part of the arterial system.
Our body consists of billions cells. Each cell is in constant need of oxygen and nutrients. This becomes possible due to the circulation of blood in vessels. To ensure the continuing circulation of the blood, the heart is reducing on a regular basis, and the blood in vessels is under pressure.
Hypertension – is high blood pressure in arteries.
The normal pressure indicators can fluctuate depending on the condition of a person: it rise during the physical or psycho-emotional stress, and drop during sleep. However, the pressure returns to normal of 100/60 140/90. If these numbers are higher – hypertension takes place.
There are two types of hypertension: primary hypertension (which accounts for about 75% of the disease) and the secondary, which occurs during the diseases of the kidneys, endocrine organs and some other diseases.
During hypertension, changes in various organs of the body are taking place. This disease is the cause of life-threatening acute cardiac disease (myocardial infarction) and brain stroke. Almost half of all deaths from cardiovascular diseases are accounted for hypertension.
There are three stages of hypertension:
- stage functional changes. During this period, patients may be concerned with weakness, headache, fatigue, sleep disturbances etc.
High blood pressure is not constant. It returns to normal under the influence of rest and sedatives.
- the initial stage of organic changes. The lowering of blood pressure requires the use of special drugs. There may be hypertensive crises. The occurrence of atherosclerosis is exacerbated, and it begins with coronary heart disease, then kidney disease appears, as well as those of eyes and of other organs.
- the stage marked by the organic changes. Blood pressure is persistently elevated. There may be complications such as myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure, blindness etc.
Hyzaar is taken to cure high blood pressure. This drug is a combination of 2 medications (an angiotensin receptor blocker and a thiazide “water pill”/diuretic). Hyzaar relaxes blood vessels, widening them The thiazide diuretic extends the amount of urine, therefore curtailing excess water and salt in your body.
Diovan Hct is prescribed to cure high blood pressure. Diovan Hct is a combination of 2 medicines.
Inderal is a non-selective beta blocker. This remedy is mainly exploited to treat tremors, high blood pressure (hypertension), heart rhythm disorders, angina (chest pain), and other heart or circulatory conditions.
Lotensin belongs to a group of drugs called ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors. This medicament is prescribed to treat high blood pressure.
Hytrin is an alpha 1 blocker which relaxes the smooth muscles of the arteries, the prostate, and the bladder neck. It helps to lower blood pressure.
Zebeta is a beta1-selective (selective blocking beta-receptors) blocker. It has hypotensive (lowers blood pressure) and antianginalnoe (as anti-) action. By blocking the beta1-adrenergic receptors of the heart, reduces heart rate and blood pressure.
This drug is prescribed to heal high blood pressure. Your doctor may prescribe this remedy for other purposes.
Tenoretic is a combination of the beta-blocker drug atenolol and the diuretic chlorthalidone. Tenoretic may be prescribed alone or in combination with other drugs.
Avalide is a combination of components that relax blood vessels and provide diuretic effect. It is prescribed to cure high blood pressure. Your doctor may prescribe this remedy for other purposes.
Lopressor is beta-adrenergic blocking agent prescribed to treat abnormal rhythms of the heart, heart pain, high blood pressure, and some neurologic conditions. Lopressor reduces the heart rate and is useful in treating rapid heart rhythms.
Moduretic belongs to a diuretic combination used in the treatment of congestive heart failure and high blood pressure, conditions which require the elimination of excess fluid (water) from the body. When used for high blood pressure, Moduretic can be used alone or with other high blood pressure medications.
Lotrel is a combination of two drugs, a calcium channel blocker (amlodipine) and an ACE inhibitor (benazepril). It is used to curehigh blood pressure. It acts by relaxing blood vessels, causing them to widen.
Monopril belongs to a group of medications called ACE inhibitors. It is prescribed to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Your doctor may prescribe this remedy for other purposes.
Plendil is a calcium channel blocker. This drug is taken to cure high blood pressure.
Avapro is used in patients with hypertension condition for regulating excessively high pressure exerted by the blood on the inner walls of the arteries, being relative to the elasticity and diameter of the vessels and the force of the heartbeat. Avapro is compatible with other hypertension and type II diabetes drugs.
Cozaar is an angiotensin II antagonist. This remedy is prescribed to heal high blood pressure.
Tenormin is beta-adrenergic blocking agent that blocks the effects of adrenergic medications, e.g., epinephrine or adrenaline, on nerves of the sympathetic nervous system. Beta-adrenergic makes the heart to beat more rapidly, reduces the heart rate and is prescribed to treat abnormally rapid heart rhythms.
Vasotec is in a group of drugs called ACE inhibitors. ACE stands for angiotensin converting enzyme. This remedy is taken to treat congestive heart failure, high blood pressure (hypertension), kidney problems caused by diabetes, and to improve survival after a heart attack.
Inderal La is a beta-blocker, acting as on beta so on beta2-adrenergic receptors (indiscriminate). By decreasing the impact of the sympathetic impulses on beta-adrenergic receptors of heart, the medicine reduces the strength and heart rate. It reduces the contractile ability of the myocardium (cardiac muscle) and the magnitude of cardiac output.
Minipress is prescribed to cure high blood pressure. Minipress relaxes and expands blood vessels. This remedy may also be prescribed for congestive heart failure or Raynaud’s disease.
Calan SR is a calcium-channel blocker. It affects the amount of calcium found in your muscle cells and heart. This relaxes your blood vessels, which can reduce the amount of work the heart has to do.
Norvasc belongs to a group of medicines called calcium channel blockers. By blocking calcium, Norvasc relaxes and widens blood vessels so blood can flow more easily. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent heart attacks, strokes, and kidney problems.
The drug is the antogonistom calcium, like verapamil has negative dromotropic effect (decreases the rate of excitation). Almost no influence on heart rate, may prevent the paroxysms of supraventricular tahirkardia (heart rhythm disturbances). It is prescribed to treat Supraventricular tachycardia.
Adalat pills should be taken in accordance with your doctor’s prescription with or without food. However, keep in mind that Adalat taken without any food may cause you nausea or indigestion. Some periphery cases include ulcers, bleeding and other adverse bowel states.