Lifestyle Changes and Non-Drug Treatment

Your physician is very likely to talk with you about ways to prevent asthma attacks or to reduce their frequency. Likewise, people with chronic obstructive pulmonary (lung) disease (COPD) can make changes that will reduce their breathing difficulties and slow the progression of their disease. Most importantly, if you have either of these conditions and you smoke cigarettes, you will be strongly urged to quit.

Asthma Camps

Most of the camps listed below are part of a network of 99 American Lung Association (ALA) asthma camps spread across the country. Each camp differs in the details of its program, but the goal is the same — allowing children with asthma to enjoy a camping experience while being monitored by medical personnel and learning asthma management skills. At these unique camps, asthma specialists join kids and their families in developing effective asthma management techniques geared toward individuals and their specific situations.

Asthma and COPD

Asthma is a chronic disease that affects the tubes that carry the air you breathe (and most importantly the oxygen) into your lungs. People who have asthma have airways that are very sensitive to common allergens (such as pollen, dust mites, and animal dander) and irritants (such as certain chemicals, tobacco or wood smoke, and cold air).

Solitary Confinement

What happens to prisoners who get put into solitary confinement? If they develop a psychosis and are treated with antipsychotics, do they usually recover? Are they able to discontinue the medications? It is difficult to answer your question, since it is not necessarily clear that someone who appears psychotic after being placed in solitary confinement (SC) became so as a result of that confinement. There is a high frequency of baseline (preexisting) mental illness in prison populations.


Constipation is often due to the dysfunction of the intestinal nervous system, which slows down intestinal transit time. In such cases, patients usually must be treated with a laxative that stimulates the intestinal ganglia and thus the transport function of the large intestine.