Synonyms: Áloe, acíbar; Acibar; Alavijų sultys, koncentruotos ir išdžiovintos (Cape aloes); Aloe barbadoská (Barbados aloes); Aloe kapská (Cape aloes); Aloe, Barbados (Barbados aloes); Aloe, Kap (Cape aloes); Barbadosi áloé (Barbados aloes); Barbadosin aloe (Barbados aloes); Kap-áloé (Cape aloes); Kapin aloe (Cape aloes); Tikrųjų alavijų sultys, koncentruotos ir išdžiovintos (Barbados aloes)
CAS: 8001-97-6; 67479-27-0 (aloe gum)
Pharmacopoeias. In China, Europe, Japan, and US.
European Pharmacopoeia, 6th ed. (Aloes, Barbados Aloe barbadensis). The concentrated and dried juice of the leaves of Aloe barbadensis. It contains not less than 28% of hydroxyanthracene derivatives expressed as barbaloin and calculated with reference to the dried drug. Dark brown masses, slightly shiny or opaque with a con-choidal fracture, or a brown powder. Partly soluble in boiling water soluble in hot alcohol. Store in airtight containers. Protect from light.
The BP 2008 lists Curacao Aloes as an approved synonym.
European Pharmacopoeia, 6th ed. (Aloes, Cape Aloe capensis). The concentrated and dried juice of the leaves of various species of Aloe, mainly Aloe ferox and its hybrids. It contains not less than 18% of hydroxyanthracene derivatives expressed as barbaloin and calculated with reference to the dried drug. Dark brown masses tinged with green and having a shiny conchoidal fracture, or a greenish-brown powder. Partly soluble in boiling water soluble in hot alcohol practically insoluble in ether. Store in airtight containers. Protect from light.
The United States Pharmacopeia 31, 2008 (Aloe). The dried latex of the leaves of Aloe barbadensis (A. vera) known in commerce as Curacao Aloe, or of Aloe ferox and its hybrids, known in commerce as Cape Aloe (Liliaceae). It yields not less than 50% of water-soluble extractive. It has a characteristic, somewhat sour and disagreeable, odour. Curacao Aloe is brownish-black, opaque masses with a fractured, uneven, waxy, and somewhat resinous surface. Cape Aloe is dusty to dark brown irregular masses, the surfaces of which are often covered with a yellowish powder. Its fracture is smooth and glassy.
Adverse Effects and Precautions
As for Senna, although aloes has a more drastic and irritant action.
Uses and Administration
Aloes is an anthraquinone stimulant laxative but other less toxic drugs are generally preferred.
Aloes have been used in homoeopathic medicines under the following names: Aloe Cape aloes Aloe capensis Aloe socotrina Alo. soc.
British Pharmacopoeia. Unless otherwise specified, BP references areto the 2008 edition: Compound Benzoin Tincture
European Pharmacopoeia, 6th ed., 2008 and Supplements 6.1and 6.2: Aloes Dry Extract, Standardised
The United States Pharmacopeia 31, 2008: Compound Benzoin Tincture.
France: Contre-Coups de I’Abbe Perdrigeon; Vulcase
Germany: Dr Janssens Teebohnen †; Krauterlax; Rheogen
Australia: Herbal Cleanse Lexat Peritone
Austria: Artin Dragees Neunzehn † Waldheim Abfuhrdragees forte Waldheim Abfuhrdragees mild
Belgium: Grains de Vals
Brazil: Camomila Paratonico
Canada: Extra Strong Formula 12 † Laxative †
Chile: Aloelax Bulgarolax
Czech Republic: Dr Theiss Rheuma Crème † Dr Theiss Schweden Krauter Dr Theiss Schweden bitter
France: Alco-Aloe Ideolaxyl Opobyl Petites Pilules Carters Tonilax
Germany: Aristochol † Chol-Kugeletten Neu Chol-hepan N Pascoletten N †
Israel: Laxative Comp
Italy: Frerichs Maldifassi † Grani di Vals Lassativi Vetegali Puntualax †
Poland: Alax Apinorm Bioaron C Boldaloin Boldovera Tabulettae Laxantes
Russia: Doktor Mom (AoKrop Mom)
South Africa: Helmontskruie Lewensessens Moultons Herbal Extract Turulington Tincture Wonderkroonessens
Spain: Alofedina Crislaxo Cynaro Bilina Laxante Sanatorium Nico Hepatocyn Opobyl Pildoras Zeninas
Switzerland: Padma-Lax Padmed Laxan Phytolaxin Schweden-Mixtur H nouvelle formulation
UK: Dual-Lax Normal Strength; Laxative Tablets; Natural Herb Tablets; Out-of-Sorts; Senokot Dual Relief; Sure-Lax (Herbal)
USA: Diaparene Corn Starch; Vagisil
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