The concentrated and dried juice of the leaves of Aloe barbadensis. It contains not less than 28% of hydroxyanthracene derivatives expressed as barbaloin and calculated with reference to the dried drug.
Slightly soluble in water practically insoluble in alcohol. It dissolves in dilute solutions of mineral acids and alkali hydroxides.
Crushed tablets of tegaserod were found to be stable in water, and apple juice the latter may mask the taste of the drug. Orangejuice, milk, or yogurt were not recommended as vehicles because of incomplete dissolution or uncertainty about stability. The most common adverse effects of tegaserod are gastrointestinal disturbances including abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, and flatulence.
US only contains specifications for a solution and a concentrated liquid. Freely soluble in water sparingly soluble in methyl alcohol practically insoluble in toluene.
A purified, natural, hydrated aluminium silicate of variable composition. It is a fine, white or greyish-white, unctuous powder.
Senna has been been used for centuries to help treat constipation. Crude senna is derived from Cassia acutifolia or Cassia angustifolia plants, commonly called senna plants.
The dried, whole or fragmented bark of Rhamnus purshianus (= Frangula purshiana). It contains not less than 8.0% of hydroxyanthracene glycosides of which not less than 60% consists of cascarosides, both expressed as cascaroside A (C27H32014 = 580.5). and calculated with reference to the dried drug.
Practically insoluble in water sparingly soluble in alcohol soluble in acetone. It dissolves in dilute mineral acids.
A hydrated basic magnesium carbonate containing the equivalent of 40 to 45% of MgO. Practically insoluble in water dissolves in dilute acids with strong effervescence.
Aloin is a crystalline substance obtained from aloes. It consists of C-glycosides such as barbaloin.
Dulcolax has a special comfort so that it passes easily through the stomach and small intestine without being dissolved in relevant amounts by the gastric fluids there. Instead, the tablets work only in the large intestine and have no affect on other organs in the body.
Practically insoluble in water dissolves in dilute acids with at most slight effervescence. Practically insoluble in water dissolves in dilute acids with at most slight effervescence. A very bulky, white powder, or a relatively dense, white powder, or a granulated powder.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) sufferers report frequent diarrhea, constipation, or alternating bouts of both, plus bloating and abdominal pain. It is more than twice as common in women as in men.
Distinguish from Alder Buckthorn Bark (see Frangula Bark) and from Sea Buckthorn. Buckthorn is the dried ripe fruit of Rhamnus cathartica (Rhamnaceae) the bark is also occasionally used.
A white amorphous solid with the characteristic odour of octil alcohol. Soluble 1 in 3300 of water very soluble in alcohol, in macrogol 400, and in maize oil.
Bowel cleansing is done prior to GI surgery to reduce the bacterial load and thereby decrease the risk of peritoneal contamination by fecal material and subsequent infection. Similar treatment with the laxative component may be performed prior to endoscopic colonoscopy in order to provide better visualization of the bowel surface. The oral component of these treatments is administered the day before surgery.
Practically insoluble in water soluble in alcohol. Hypersensitivity reactions, usually as skin rashes or eruptions, have occurred with phenolphthalein.
Practically insoluble in water dissolves in dilute acids. A solution in water is alkaline to phenol-phthalein.
Soluble in water practically insoluble in alcohol. It dissolves in dilute hydrochloric acid.
It is polyacrylic acid cross-linked with divinyl glycol. White to creamy-white granules, with a characteristic, ester-like odour. Swells in water to a range of volumes, depending primarily on the pH.
Liquorice is the dried rhizome and roots of Glycyrrhiza glabra. Those of Glycyrrhiza glabra var. typica are known in commerce as Spanish Liquorice, those of Glycyrrhiza glabra var. glandulifera as Russian Liquorice, and those of Glycyrrhiza glabra var. ?-violacea as Persian Liquorice.
Bisoxatin acetate is a stimulant laxative that has been used in the treatment of constipation.
Bran consists of the fibrous outer layers of cereal grains. It contains celluloses, polysaccharides or hemicelluloses, protein, fat, minerals, and moisture and may contain part of the germ or embryo.
Very soluble in water slightly soluble in alcohol practically insoluble in dichloromethane. It may be the anhydrous form, the monohydrate, or the dihydrate.
Freely soluble in water slightly soluble in alcohol. Sodium picosulfate with magnesium citrate was considered a safe and effective bowel cleansing agent in adults and children with inflammatory bowel disease.