Diamox (acetazolamide) controls fluid secretion. It is used to treat glaucoma (excessive pressure in the eyes), epilepsy (for both brief and unlocalized seizures), and fluid retention due to congestive heart failure or drugs. It is also used to prevent or relieve the symptoms of acute mountain sickness in climbers attempting a rapid climb and those who feel sick even though they are making a gradual climb.


The main mechanism of action is the reversible binding the torasemid with kontransporter Na +/2Cl-/K +, located in the apical membrane of the thick segment of loop of Henle, that results in reducing or completely inhibiting reabsorption of sodium ions, decreasing the osmotic pressure of intracellular fluid and reabsorption of water. Don’t take it if you are pregnant.